Periodontal Specialists: The Guardians of Gum Health

Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including gums, cementum (outer layer of tooth root), periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone. 

Periodontists at the dental clinic in San Jose offer a comprehensive approach to oral diseases related to your gums and other supporting structures. But who is a periodontist? And what role is offered by them? 

Who is a periodontist?

A periodontist is a gum specialist who focuses on treating conditions that affect the tissues supporting the teeth (the gums and jawbone). They receive special training to offer a comprehensive approach to gum diseases. 

What are the common conditions treated by a periodontist?

Periodontists specialize in gum health by treating the following conditions:

  • Gingivitis
    • The early stage of gum disease-causing inflammation.
    • Symptoms include red, swollen, inflamed, and bleeding gums.
  • Periodontitis
    • A more advanced stage of gum disease involves irreversible damage to the gums and supporting bone.
    • Symptoms include loss of gingival attachment and loose teeth.
  • Gum recession
    • The gradual loss of gum tissues that pull away from the tooth surface exposing the roots.
  • Gum disease associated with systemic conditions
    • Systemic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, or heart disease can influence your gum health.

What type of procedures does a periodontist offer?

To maintain the health, vitality, and integrity of your gums, periodontists offer the following procedures:

  • Teeth cleaning 
  • Scaling 
  • Root planing 
  • Antibiotic therapy 
  • Periodontal surgery such as flap surgery, gum grafts, bone grafts, crown lengthening, smile lift, frenectomy
  • Patient education about ways to keep your gums healthy through good oral care, proper nutrition, and adopting a healthy lifestyle.
  • Dental implant surgery

How do you prevent periodontal disease?

You can adopt the following tips to prevent periodontal disease:

  • Brush and floss your teeth twice daily
  • Use a soft-bristled brush
  • Avoid brushing with a lot of force
  • Eat a healthy balanced diet
  • Limit sugary foods and drinks 
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Visit your dentist at regular intervals of at least 6 months 


Healthy gums are just as important as healthy teeth. Periodontists are dental specialists who care for your gums, and other tissues around your teeth. For dental problems like gum disease and compromised bone health, your dentist may refer you to a periodontist. These specialists have all the knowledge, training, and experience to treat the problem and help you maintain good oral health.